Profile and Information
Name: Louis Cha Leung-yung 查良镛
Alternative Names: Jin Yong 金庸 (Pen Name)
Birthdate: 6 February 1924
Place of Birth: Haining, Zhejiang, China
Native Origin: Wuyuan, a county of Shangrao, Jiangxi
Education: Soochow University (B.Law), Cambridge University (M.Phil. and Ph.D.)
Profession: Novelist, Essayist
Jin Yong is the writer of many famous Wuxia Novels (See below). His works have been translated into at least English, French, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese, Thai, Burmese, Malay and Indonesian.
He came from a family of famous scholars. His grandfather obtained a Jinshi degree in the imperial examination.
In 1947 he began a small career as Journalist and copyeditor. He met Chen Wentong, also known as "Liang Yusheng" in 1953. Under his influence Cha began writing " The Book and the Sword" in 1955. He quit his job in 1957 and began working as a scenarist-director and scriptwriter at the Great Wall Movie Enterprises Ltd and Phoenix Film Company.
In 1959 he co-founded the Hong Kong Newspaper Ming Pao. In 1970 he became a member of Hong Kong Basic Law drafting committee, but resigned after the Tiananmen Square Incident 1989.
He was also part of the Preparatory Committee set up in 1996 to supervise Hong Kong's transition by the Chinese government
In 1993, Cha prepared for retirement from editorial work, selling all his shares in Ming Pao. Together with the royalties from his works, Cha's personal wealth is estimated at some HK$600 million
- The Book and the Sword (書劍恩仇錄) (first published on The New Evening Post from 1955-6)
- Sword Stained with Royal Blood (碧血劍) (first published on Hong Kong Commercial Daily in 1956)
- Legend of the Condor Heroes (射鵰英雄傳) (first published on Hong Kong Commercial Daily in 1957-9)
- Flying Fox of Snowy Mountain (雪山飛狐) (first installment appeared on the first issue of Ming Pao in 1959)
- Return of the Condor Heroes (神鵰俠侶) (Ming Pao, 1959–61)
- Other Tales of the Flying Fox (飛狐外傳) (Wuxia and History, 1960-1)
- Swordswoman Riding West on White Horse (白馬嘯西風) (first published on Ming Pao in 1961)
- Blade-dance of the Two Lovers (鴛鴦刀) (first published on Ming Pao in 1961)
- The Heaven Sword and Dragon Saber (倚天屠龍記) (first published on Ming Pao in 1961)
- A Deadly Secret (連城訣) (first published on Southeast Asia Weekly 《東南亞周刊》in 1963)
- Demi-Gods and Semi-Devils (天龍八部) (Ming Pao and Singapore's Nanyang Siang Pau, 1963-6)
- Ode to Gallantry (俠客行) (Ming Pao, 1966-7)
- The Smiling, Proud Wanderer (笑傲江湖) (first published on Ming Pao in 1967-9)
- The Deer and the Cauldron (鹿鼎記) (Ming Pao, 1969–1972)
- Sword of the Yue Maiden (越女劍) (Ming Pao evening supplement, 1970)
- Cha was awarded the OBE in 1981. He is a Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur (1992) and a Commandeur de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres (2004), both awarded by the French government.
- Cha is also an honorary professor at Peking University, Zhejiang University, Nankai University, Soochow University, Huaqiao University, National Tsing Hua University, Hong Kong University (Department of Chinese Studies), the University of British Columbia, and Sichuan University, as well as an honorary doctor by Hong Kong University (Department of Social Science), Hong Kong Polytechnic University, the Open University of Hong Kong, the University of British Columbia, Soka University and the University of Cambridge. He is also an Honorary Fellow of St Antony's College, Oxford and Robinson College, Cambridge, and Wynflete Fellow of Magdalen College, Oxford.
- He was awarded with a statue of him in 2001 on Taohua Island (Also known as "Peach Blossom Island")
- Asteroid 10930 Jinyong (1998 CR2) is named after him